Kwong-loi Shun received his B.A. in Mathematics and Philosophy from the University of Hong Kong, then taught high school mathematics for a number of years after graduation, and simultaneously completed an external B.A. in Philosophy from the University of London and an M. Phil. in Philosophy from the University of Hong Kong. He started the study of Chinese Philosophy at the New Asia Institute of Advanced Chinese Studies, attending classes by Mou Zongsan. He then studied at Oxford University and received the B. Phil. in Philosophy in 1982, writing his thesis on Wittgenstein under the supervision of Michael Dummett. He did his doctoral work at Stanford University and received the Ph.D. in Philosophy in 1986, writing his thesis on Mencius under the supervision of David S. Nivison.
He took up an Assistant Professor position in ethics at UC Berkeley in 1986, and taught primarily ethics and Chinese philosophy. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1990, and then Professor of Philosophy in 1996. While at Berkeley, he was also appointed Assistant Dean of the College of Letters and Science in 1993, then Dean of Undergraduate Services in 1998, and then Dean of the Undergraduate Division in 2000. He left Berkeley in 2004 to join the University of Toronto as Professor of Philosophy and East Asian Studies, and as Principal of the University of Toronto at Scarborough. He then joined the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 2007 as Chair Professor of Philosophy, Sin Wai Kin Professor of Chinese Culture, Head of New Asia College, and Director of the Institute for Chinese Studies. In 2014, he returned to Berkeley as Professor of Philosophy (Recalled).
His main research project is a multi-volume work in Confucian moral psychology that started in 1988. Initially conceptualized as a three-volume project, it has now evolved into a five-volume work. The goal is to start with close textual studies of early and later Confucian thought, and then transition to a primarily philosophical study of Confucian moral psychology, with close attention to the methodological issues involved. The first volume, Mencius and Early Chinese Thought, was published by Stanford University Press in 1997. A complete manuscript of the second volume, Zhu Xi and Later Confucian Thought (tentative title), was finished in 2010. It then underwent significant expansion and revision, making use of the large body of primary materials now available in electronic databases. Work on the third volume, From Philology to Philosophy (tentative title), started in 2007, and this volume will focus on methodological issues in the transition from textual studies to philosophical explorations. The fourth and fifth volumes provide a comprehensive study of Confucian moral psychology, the former addressed primarily to philologists with a philosophical interest, and the latter primarily to a philosophical audience. Work on these two volumes commenced in 2014, and the main theme in these two volumes was presented in his Presidential Address, “On the Idea of ‘No Self’”, delivered at the Annual Meeting of the American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division) in 2018.
He has held various positions in professional associations, including most recently President of the International Society for Chinese Philosophy (2014-2015), President of the American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division) (2017-2018), and Chair of the Board of Officers of the International Society for Chinese Philosophy (2019-2021). He is currently on the editorial or advisory boards of several publications, including Journal of the American Philosophical Association, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Comparative Philosophy, Journal of Chinese Philosophy, Series in Chinese and Comparative Philosophy, Monograph Series in Comparative Philosophy, Journal of East-West Thought, International East-West Studies, Confucian Studies, Journal of Chinese Philosophy and Culture, New Asia Academic Journal, Bulletin of the Institute of Chinese Literature and Philosophy of Academia Sinica, Soochow Journal of Philosophical Studies, Taiwan Journal of East Asian Studies, and General Education Online. He was also on the editorial board of Encyclopedia of Chinese Philosophy (Garland Publishing, Inc., 2003) and a consulting editor for the second edition of Encyclopedia of Philosophy (MacMillan, 2006).